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FEMtools Modal Parameter Extractor

FEMtools Modal Parameter Extractor

Advanced Modal Parameter Extraction using Global and Local Methods

The FEMtools Modal Parameter Extractor (MPE) module is a FEMtools add-on tool for extracting modal parameters (natural frequencies, mode shapes and modal damping) of a structure from a set of Frequency Response Functions (FRFs) or cross-power spectra (XPS) that are computed from response time series.

Modal parameters can be used for applications in structural dynamics or to validate and update a finite element model. The extractor can be used interactively or as a component of an automated process for structural health monitoring and evaluation.

The MPE is installed and used as an add-on to the FEMtools Framework or any other FEMtools configuration.

Overview and Key Features

The FEMtools Modal Parameter Extractor module is a tool for extracting modal parameters from a set of Frequency Response Functions (FRFs) or response time series. FEMtools MPE is installed and used as an add-on to the FEMtools Framework or any other FEMtools configuration.

The extractor offers the following key features integrated in a easy-to-use and interactive environment:

  • Extraction of modal parameters using an advanced global poly-reference Least Squares Complex Frequency (pLSCF) method or a local curve-fit method.
  • Classical (input-output) or operational (output-only) modal analysis.
  • Automatic or manual pole selection based on a stabilization chart (global method only).
  • Narrow, wide band or multiple bands with combination of poles.
  • Residual modes to compensate out-of-band modes (global method only).
  • Extraction of complex or normal mode shapes.
  • Validation of the extracted mode shapes using auto-MAC, mode complexity analysis, FRF re-synthesis and animated mode shape plots.
  • Support of multiple measurement setups for operational modal analysis (roving sensors).
  • Operation using an interactive applet or command-driven for automation.
  • Interactive graphic displays.
  • Interactive reference and response selection (applet only).
  • Frequency-domain operational deflection shapes (ODS) viewer (applet only).

Import and export of measured FRFs, time series, and modal parameters is done using the Universal File format or custom reader scripts.

When using time series, the Digital Signal Processsing (DSP) commands are available for the following tasks:

  • Process imported time histories (detrending, filtering,…).
  • Automatically select the optimal reference channels to compute the cross-power spectra for operational modal analysis.
  • Computation of cross-power spectra from time series.
  • Support of a roving batch of sensors (multiple measurement setups with the same reference channels) for operational modal analysis.
  • Digital filters to remove certain frequency components from time series. The following types of filter are supported: low-pass, high-pass, band-pass, band-stop.
  • Re-sampling of time series to decimate the number of samples.
  • Removing DC components or linear trends from time series.
  • Extracting general information on the imported time series.

The functions of FEMtools Framework are used to 

  • Import and export of FRFs, time series and modal parameters is done using the Universal File format or custom translation scripts.
  • Interactive graphics display of animated mode shapes, FRF curves etc.
  • Automated data processing using scripts.

Applications

The FEMtools Modal Parameter Extractor (MPE) module is used to extract the modal parameter (natural frequencies, mode shapes and modal damping) from Frequency Response Functions (FRF) for classic input-output modal analysis (EMA) and from time histories obtained under operational conditions (operational modal analysis; OMA).

Using FEMtools DAQ or third party tools, FRFs can be experimentally obtained using hammer or shaker excitation. The response signals, usually accelerations, are divided by the known excitation signal to obtain FRFs. By curve-fitting these FRFs, the modal parameters can be identified.

Under real operating or ambient conditions, the excitation signal is unknown and no FRFs can be obtained. In this case, cross correlation spectral functions are used to extract the modal parameters. FEMtools MPE can use time histories obtained with FEMtools DAQ or import time histories, compute cross correlation functions and extract the modal parameters.

FEMtools MPE can be used as a standalone tool for modal analysis, or combined with a data acquisition system. As an add-on to any standard FEMtools configurations, modal extraction can be used in other FEMtools modules for the following purposes:

  • Dynamic response analysis – Dynamic analysis relies on modal superposition of mode shapes for response analysis in time or frequency domain.
  • Structural dynamics modification – Predict the effect of changes to stiffness, mass and damping in modal space.
  • Modal coupling – Simulate the dynamic response of assembled structures, using coupled modal models obtained from test or FE analysis.
  • Pretest planning – The modal extraction process can be evaluated using simulated test data as part of a virtual testing process.
  • Test-Analysis modal correlation – Comparing reference test modes with predicted modes provides a mean to validate simulation models.
  • FE model updating – Finite element models can be updated by improving the correlation between reference test modes and predicted modes.
  • FRF resynthesis – Test FRFs can be smoothed by re-synthesis from extracted modal parameters which is recommended if these FRF will be used for FRF-based updating of FE models.
  • Rigid body properties extractor – To obtain a better mass line for rigid body properties extraction, the first resonance peaks can be removed from the FRFs. This is done by modal extraction and re-synthesis without including the first mode shape.
  • Material identification – Identification of material properties using mixed numerical-experimental vibration analysis. Modal extraction provides a way to identify the mode shapes of a test sample.
  • Structural health monitoring – Modal extraction is a component of a system for automated monitoring of modal parameters in structures.
Benefits
  • Powerful – Using efficient algorithms and optimized DSP functions, modal extraction is fast. It is possible to use a very high number of channels and a wideefrequency range in a single pass without running into memory limitations.
  • Easy to Use – Only minimal user-interaction is required and all functions are combined in an interactive applet (see figures).
  • Efficient – Very clear stabilization charts are produced making them suitable for automatic identification of stable poles.
  • Reliable – Reliable and stable methods are used for global and local extraction of modal parameters. Out-of-band modes are taken into account to compensate residual effects and improve extraction accuracy.
  • Flexible – Modal extraction can be operated manually or used as part of an automated process.
Prequisites and Licensing

The FEMtools MPE add-on requires a separate license that is used together with a license for any FEMtools standard configuration.

Test FRFs for modal analysis and time series for OMA can be obtained with FEMtools DAQ add-on or imported from 3rd party hardware and software.

 

MPE FRF Selection Tab

 (a) FRF selection.

 

MPE Pole Extraction Tab

(b) Stabilization chart.

 

MPE Modes Extraction Tab

(c) Mode shapes.

Modal analysis of a satellite structure using the global MPE applet. The screen shot of the FEMtools MPE user interface shows the (a) FRF selection, (b) stabilization chart, and (c) mode shapes, overlay of original FRF and re-synthesized FRF and autoMAC plot.

 

Local MPE 

Local curve fit of FRFs with mass loading (local MPE applet).

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